Kids learning languages? Children learn languages?
Many people believe that in fact, any age can learn English, and in the golden age of learning from 2 to 12 years old, the earlier the learning advantage, the greater the advantage, the greater the obstacle of age, and the more difficult it is to pronounce accurately.
Before the age of four, the brain is in a highly sensitive stage to language, and the mastery of language is not carried out through logical analysis methods such as grammar, but through overall absorption, so it is learned quickly. In addition, children in childhood do not yet have their own sense of independence, and their behavior is more imitating the form of the people around them.
Therefore, it is easier for children to develop habits by educating children in the second language at a young age.
Children’s ability to learn language is stronger than that of adults, not because of stronger learning ability, but because children’s ability to imitate is stronger and they have a stronger desire to express.
In childhood, children are like white paper, the sooner the child is provided with a standard and correct listening environment, this information will be stored in the Brocas district, with the accumulation of years, more and more, English listening will be more familiar to children, without thinking to know the meaning. This is also the reason why it is difficult to train listening at an older age.
So, if you can’t learn a language before puberty, it’s almost impossible to reach the level of a native speaker afterwards?
No, it’s just more difficult, but if trained, adults can learn new languages.
On the controversy over whether adults can learn new grammar, Johnson and Newport published a study in 1989 that surveyed 46 educated immigrants who immigrated to the United States from South Korea and China at different ages, and the researchers asked them to examine the grammar of 276 sentences. It was found that the younger the person who immigrated to the United States, the better he performed; But if you were older than 17 when you moved to the United States, there was no significant difference in age.
The study caused a lot of controversy after it was published. Birdsong and Molis (2001) conducted the same study of 61 Spanish-speakers who moved to the United States. The results were similar to those of Jonson and Newport, but the critical age for language learning was 27.5 years, a full decade more than the 17 years of the experiment. At the same time, the older ones may also reach a degree close to the mother tongue, and the accuracy of the 13 older immigrants is more than 92%.
The study showed that older people are also able to learn grammar correctly, and there are other factors besides age at the time of migration that can also affect the outcome of language learning.
In addition to age, other factors can also explain the konjac of language learning ability, such as situation, personality, language stimulation, and so on. For example, a person’s language proficiency is more related to the frequency of language stimuli he is exposed to, and language stimuli are more important than the time he spends living in a certain language environment.
Other studies have also identified the following key factors: social skills, cognitive ability, motivation, skills to use cognitive abilities to learn language, frequency of language use, and the importance of language in social contexts.
In fact, if adult learners can make good use of the above factors, it will have a good learning effect, and teachers can also use the above principles to design teaching materials. It can be seen that trained adults can learn new languages. It is generally believed that it is not possible to learn new languages after puberty, and children can learn new languages effortlessly. This view does hinder language teaching and learning, making language learning ineffective, so it deepens the belief of ordinary people in the critical period.
Online language courses for adults
For adult online language courses, click here for more information.